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  • 3136 Horizon Rd., #100
    Rockwall, TX 75032

Specialties

Knee

YOUR KNEE

Your knees allow you to walk, run, sit, squat, kneel, and perform many of your daily activities. Within your knee, you have ligaments that help provide stability in movement. If you injure these ligaments, you may lose normal mobility and may also experience pain and swelling. Healthy knees are vital to an active lifestyle.

Healthy knees provide optimum leg movement. but when a knee is injured, it can greatly hinder the body’s flexibility. Because of the anatomy of the knee, it is vulnerable to injury and malfunction.

Injuries can result from twisting, falling, or direct contact. Ligament injuries are common in sports like football, soccer, and basketball. However, knee injuries can occur in many other instances. Treatment is often necessary to regain proper function.

Common Knee Disorders

ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT (ACL) INJURY

Your ACL can be injured if you twist your knee beyond its normal range of motion. Sudden twists and over-extensions can damage this ligament, causing pain and swelling.

MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT (MCL) INJURY

Your MCL can be injured if your knee is struck from the outside and extended beyond its normal range of motion. When your MCL is injured you may lose your ability to support your weight on this knee. Other ligaments may be torn at the same time.

ARTHRITIS

Knee arthritis is caused by the deterioration of cartilage in the knee joint. The two most common types of knee arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, but they are each treated differently.

Evaluation

The first step is to have your knee evaluated by a physician. The physician will consider your symptoms and conduct a physical exam to evaluate your knee’s strength, stability, and range-of-motion. X-rays, MRIs (Magnetic Resonance Imaging), and additional tests may be required to show internal injuries. Based on your examination, your physician will let you know if surgery is necessary or if exercise (whether at home or through an external physical therapy facility) would suffice to improve your knee’s function.

  • X-RAYS
    are used to detect bone injuries & malfunctions
  • MRIS
    are used to detect soft tissue & bone damage & malfunction
  • BLOOD TESTS
    may be used to confirm or rule out various types of arthritis

THE RESULTS OF YOUR PHYSICAL EXAMINATION AND TESTING WILL DETERMINE WHICH SURGICAL PROCEDURE, IF ANY, WOULD BE NECESSARY TO RESTORE OPTIMIZED FUNCTION.

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Non-Surgical Treatment

  • ICE, ELEVATION, MEDICATION
    Your physician will instruct you to ice and elevate your leg to reduce pain and swelling. Icing and elevating your knee at least 3-5 times a day for 20 minute intervals. At the same time, your physician may prescribe medications to aide in your recovery and ease your pain.
  • EXERCISE AND PHYSICAL THERAPY
    Physical therapy and/or home exercise may be suggested by your physician. These exercises are designed to slowly strengthen your knee and increase its range of motion. The speediness of your recovery will greatly depend on how dedicated you are to following your physician’s recommendations. Your physician may also suggest that you use a brace and/or crutches until your knee is stronger.
  • INJECTIONS
    Your physician may suggest cortisone injections to reduce inflammation. Some patients may only require one injection, while others may need additional injections to relieve pain and inflammation.

Surgical Treatment

TOTAL KNEE REPLACEMENT

Total knee replacementTotal knee replacementTotal knee replacement can be the proper treatment for a variety of patients with a variety of knee problems. This form of surgery is generally used for patients who suffer with severe pain and the inability to perform normal activities, including both work and play. Pain and stiffness can result from:

  • Osteoarthritis and other bone diseases
  • Injuries
  • Congenital defects
  • Anatomical malfunction

Your physician will evaluate your condition to determine if you are a good candidate for total knee replacement. In some cases, physical therapy and exercise therapy may improve your condition without requiring surgery.

The success rate for Total Knee Replacement is 98-99%. With current techniques and materials, knee replacements will last 15-20 years or longer.

KNEE ARTHROSCOPY

Arthroscopy is a procedure which allows your orthopedic surgeon to inspect and repair a knee problem with a minimal incision. Using the arthroscope (a powerful lens & fiberoptic light), a surgeon can look into your joint, diagnose its malfunction, and often make necessary repairs. The procedure normally takes 1-2 hours.

ARTHROSCOPY IS COMMONLY USED TO TREAT:

  • Damaged Joint Surfaces – During the procedure, the surgeon will smooth rough surfaces and may remove  any bone or cartilage fragments. The friction from rough surfaces often leads to pain when moving.
  • Damaged Joint Surfaces – During the procedure, the surgeon will smooth rough surfaces and may remove  any bone or cartilage fragments. The friction from rough surfaces often leads to pain when moving.
  • Damaged Ligaments & Tendons – During the procedure, the surgeon will staple or suture any torn or  frayed tissues. Torn or frayed tissues often leads to knee malfunction and/or loss of movement.
  • Knee Inflammation – Swelling and pain can result when parts of the knee rub together abnormally. Arthroscopy is used to treat and/or remove damaged tissue. • Knee Malfunction – Pain resulting from knee bone and/or soft-tissue malfunction, can often be alleviated  through arthroscopy. During the procedure, the surgeon can tighten ligaments or tendons to help stabilize  the knee.

ADVANTAGES OF ARTHROSCOPY:

  • Generally involves day surgery (no overnight stay) Generally involves day surgery (no overnight stay)
  • Small incisions
  • Less scaring
  • Less pain
  • Generally speedy recovery

Arthroscopy is not the solution for every knee malfunction. At times, open surgery may be required. Surgical recovery time varies among individuals for a variety of reasons, including age, overall health, and the type of procedure performed. It is for these reasons that a surgeon can only estimate the timeline for full recovery. After 7-10 days, your surgeon will evaluate your wound, remove stitches, and explain any potential exercise programs and/or physical therapy.

Are you suffering from a knee injury? Get treatment before it’s too late. Lake Pointe Orthopaedics offers surgical and non-surgical options to get you back on track!

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